According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by reading and spelling difficulties. Children who suffer from this condition generally tend to be slower learners compared to the rest of the population, but this does not necessarily mean that their IQs are lower. In fact, many of them tend to have average or above-average cognitive abilities, according to the Boston Children’s Hospital. Here is some more information about this topic:
An Overview of Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a brain-based disorder that impairs a person’s reading, spelling, and visual-verbal response ability. This disorder can occur during childhood or adulthood. The common causes of dyslexia in adults include dementia and brain injury. In some cases, parents pass the genes responsible for causing dyslexia to their children. Unfortunately, there is no cure for dyslexia although researchers are working on a wide range of treatment options including gene therapy.
The common symptoms of dyslexia include:
• Difficulty spelling letters and words
• Difficulty performing math computations
• Reading slowly
• Difficulty writing
• Wide disparity between listening and reading comprehension
• Difficulty learning rhymes
• Inability to recall sequences
• Inability to understand jokes
• Problems memorizing words or expressions
Since dyslexia interferes with the way the brain works and processes information, patients need to adopt a non-traditional approach to learning. To start with, the Mayo Clinic recommends hiring a reading specialist to take a child with dyslexia through specialized one-on-one tutoring sessions. A dyslexia specialist will help your child learn how to read words and letters aloud, learn the phonemes that make up words, comprehend/understand words and expressions, as well as build his/her vocabulary.
Moreover, a dyslexia tutor can use audio or video content to help your child visualize and trace letters, numbers, and words. Another approach is requesting your child’s school administrator or teacher to put him/her on an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). The earlier a child with dyslexia receives specialized learning attention, the better his/her chances of succeeding in elementary school, high school, and college/university.
Besides teachers and reading specialists, parents have a huge impact on their children’s learning outcomes. The Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA) recommends helping your child learn by reading aloud to him/her while at home. According to the Mayo clinic, parents who suspect that their children have dyslexia should let them listen to recorded material like stories from as early as when they are six months old. It is also advisable to read progressively difficult stories to your child to help him/her build new vocabulary.
If your child is frustrated by homework tasks, divide them into smaller and more manageable chunks. In addition, encourage your child to try again by helping him/her read aloud homework instructions. In between homework problems, allow your child to take breaks. At the same time, congratulate him/her for each completed task. Finally, use multi-sensory learning aids to help your child develop logic.
At REACH Professional In-Home Tutoring, our special needs tutors will help your child to develop the skills they need to catch up, keep up, and move ahead! We know how frustrating a condition like dyslexia can be for children and their parents. Call us today for a free consultation. We have special needs tutors standing by in Los Angeles, Santa Clara County and Orange County. 1-877-947-3224